عنوان مقاله [English]
The Romantic Manifestations in the Arabic and Persian Contemporary Literature; in the Poems of Ali Mahmod Taha and Mohammad-Hossein Shahriarچکیده [English]
Romanticism is one of the contemporary literary schools in the world that basis of this literary movement was on the individual imagination and creativity based on imagination and reaction against the classicism school. In addition to the West, this school has had a great impact on contemporary Arabic and Persian literature and also has attracted a lot of poets and writers. It can be also seen many similarities among the followers of this school in Persian and Arabic literature. This study tries to investigate the aspects of Romanticism in poetry of Ali Mahmod Taha and Mr Mohammad-Hossein Shahriar in Persian and Arabic literature by using intellectually content descriptive and analytical method and base on the framework of the American school of "comparative literature". Findings indicate that these two poets in expression of their romantic regret and sorrow arising from inappropriate environmental conditions and troubled circumstances of their homeland and expressing pains and their inside tragic moods and the society, have expressed the romantic sights such as patriotism, a sense of sadness and loneliness, naturalism, reflecting the frustration, complaints of time, love and remembrance of the beloved, and so on, and in this case they have relatively common aspects with each other. Love and beloved remembrance are significant themes in the poems of the two poets that have been mixed with passion and enthusiasm, and initially it was a virtual love then reaching to true love. The nature is the place of refreshment of the two poets and their escape from the unpleasant conditions of environment, and both poets have gave refuge to it from loneliness and solitude and escape from the chaotic conditions of environment and the mental incompatibilities.