عنوان مقاله [English]
The Comparative Study of Epigraph in Persian and Arabic Novelsچکیده [English]
The new criticism is an attempt to discusses para texts because of their importance in reading the text and discovering its implications. The epigraph as an important elements of para text has the function of the dealer and aesthetics that many novelists have used it in their works and some of them have not used. The present study examines the use of this perimeter in Persian and Arabic novels. The purpose of this study is to investigate the comparative study of epigraph in two novels of literature in order to understand the nature and the manner of exploiting the epigraphs and the extent of the use of epigraph and its types and the type of its authority (source), and the number of epigraph and the contact the epigraph with the title. This research is based on the following main question: What is the position of the epigraph in Persian and Arabic novels? This study was conducted using descriptive-analytic method and using SPSS software to collect data and describe and compare and analyze it.
The Arabic novelists are more interested in the use of epigraphs; hence, their source books are numerous and abundant. While the use of the epigraph in the Persian novel is internal, and it is not intended. In Arabic novels, the western epigraph and in the Persian novels Eastern epigraph is the most present. The Arabic novelist has used epigraph as an art, decoration, and influential effect on the West; hence it is clear that it has been used extensively and with the use of the words of the West. But the Persian novelist uses the epigraph for meaning and he uses easy and famous words epigraphs that are diverse in the Arabic novel, and they have a methodic aspect.